What Is The Smart City

What Is The Smart City :- With this expected population growth there comes a need to manage environmental, social and economic sustainability of resources.

Smart cities allow citizens and local government authorities to work together to launch initiatives and use smart technologies to manage assets and resources in the growing urban environment.

This means delivering a suite of joined-up services to citizens with reduced infrastructure costs.

This becomes increasingly important in the light of the future population growth in urban areas, where more efficient use of infrastructure and assets will be required.

What Is The Smart City

A smart city should provide an urban environment that delivers a high quality of life to residents while also generating economic growth.

Smart city services and applications will allow for these improvements which will lead to a higher quality of life for citizens.

Smart city improvements also provide new value from existing infrastructure while creating new revenue streams and operational efficiencies to help save money for governments and citizens alike.

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History of Smart City

1974– Los Angeles created the first urban big data project: “A Cluster Analysis of Los Angeles” report.

1994– Amsterdam created a virtual ‘digital city-De Digital Stad (DDS)-to promote Internet usage.

2005- Cisco put up $25m over five years for research into smart cities.

2008– IBM Smarter Planet project investigated applying sensors, networks and analytics to urban issues.

2009– IBM unveiled a $50m Smarter Cities campaign to help cities run more efficiently.

2009– American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) provided funding for US smart grid projects.

2009– EU Electricity Directive required EU states to roll out smart meters to 80% of consumers by 2020.

2010– The Japanese government named Yokohama as a smart city demonstrator project.

2011– IBM named 24 cities as Smarter Cities winners from 200 applicants.

2011– 6000 visitors from over 50 countries attended the first Smart City Expo World Congress in Barcelona.

2012– Barcelona deployed data driven urban systems, including public transit, parking. and street lighting.

2013– China announced the first batch of pilot smart cities, comprising 90 cities, districts and towns.

2013– Mayor of London created Smart London Board to shape London’s digital technology strategy.

2014– China launched a second batch of 103 pilot smart cities.

2014– Vienna City Council launched Smart City Wien Framework Strategy until 2025.

2015– China announced a thud batch of 84 smart cities, comprising 277 in all.

2015– India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched “Smart Cities Mission” for 100 Indian cities.

2016– Columbus won the US Dept of Transportation’s $50m Smart Cities Challenge.

2017– UK government launched 5G testbeds and tnals programme.

2017– Hong Kong launched a smart city blueprint.

2018– Toronto and Google offshoot Sidewalk Labs announced a plan to develop a smart waterfront area.

2018– London updated 2013 plans with launch of Smarter London Together roadmap.

2018– IESE Business School Cities in Motion Index ranked New York, London and Paris as its top 3 cities.

2018– Singapore won Smart City of 2018 award at the Smart City Expo World Congress.

2019– Ford committed to support Cellular Vehicle to Everything (CV2X) standard.

2019– Sidewalk Labs Toronto planning document fiercely criticized over data privacy implications.

2019– G20 nations picked the World Economic Forum as secretariat for a G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance.

2019– US Federal Communications Commission picked New York and Salt Lake City as 5G testbeds.

2020– Vietnam to start work on a new $4.2bn smart city close to Hanoi, with completion target of 2028.

2030– By 2030, the number of cities in the world with a population of more than 10 million will grow to 43.

2050– By 2050, up to 70% of the world’s population is expected to live in cities.

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How to Work Smart City

Many of the loT devices use edge computing, which ensures that only the most relevant and important data is delivered over the communication network.

In addition, a security system is implemented to protect, monitor and control the transmission of data from the smart city network and prevent unauthorized access to the loT network of the city’s data platform.

Alongside the lol solutions, smart cities also use technologies including: Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Cloud Computing Services, Machine Learning and Machine-to-Machine Communications.

Smart cities follow four steps to improve the quality of life and enable economicgrowth through a network of connected loT devices and other technologies.

These steps are as follows:-

1.Collection:- Smart sensors gather real-time data.

2.Analysis:- The data is analyzed to gain insights into the operation of city services and operations.

3.Communication:- The results of the data analysis are communicated to decision makers.

4.Action:-Action taken to improve operation manage assets and improve the quality of city life for the residents.

The ICT framework brings together real time data from connected assets, objects and machines to improve decision making.

However, in addition, citizens are able to engage and interact with smart city ecosystems through mobile devices and connected vehicles and buildings. By pairing devices with data and the infrastructure of the city.

it is possible to cut costs, improve sustainability and streamline factors such as energy distribution and refuse collection, as well as offering reduced traffic congestion, and improve air quality.

Combining automation, machine learning and the loT is allowing for the adoption of smart city technologies for a variety of applications.

For example, smart parking can help drivers find a parking space and also allow for digital payment.

Another example would be smart traffic management to monitor traffic flows and optimize traffic lights to reduce congestion, while ride-sharing services can also be managed by a smart city infrastructure.

Smart city features can also include energy conservation and environmental efficiencies, such as street lights that dim when the roads are empty.

Such smart grid technologies can improve everything from operations to maintenance and planning to power supplies.

Smart city initiatives can also be used to combat climate change and air pollution as well as waste management and sanitation via internet-enabled rubbish collection, bins and fleet management systems.

A side from services, smart cities allow for the provision of safety measures such as monitoring areas of high crime or using sensors to enable an early warning for incidents like floods, landslides, hurricanes or droughts.

Smart buildings can also offer real-time space management or structural health monitoring and feedback to determine when repairs are necessary.

Citizens can also access this system to notify officials of any problems, such as potholes, while sensors can also monitor infrastructure problems such as leaks in water pipes.

In addition, smart city technology can improve the efficiency of manufacturing. urban farming, energy use, and more.

Smart cities can connect all manner of services to provide joined up solutions for citizens.

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Advantages Of Smart City

There are several advantages of Smart City, and learning about these can help you to weigh the benefits and the disadvantages from it.

1. Better transportation services:- A smart city has the potential to drastically improve the current level of transportation throughout a city.

It will have better traffic management, the ability to track public transportations and serve its citizens better with constant information and low prices.

2. Safer Communication:- A smart city will have the most technological advances and partnerships with the private sector that will benefit society since there will be lesser criminal activity.

The example of such technology is license plate recognition, connected crime centers, shooting detectors, better emergency services, and body cameras.

3. Efficient public services:- Since there is a limited amount of natural resources left to meet the demand of the people, smart cities will have technologies and the necessary tools to cut down on our usage of natural resources and decrease waste of water, electricity, etc. without having to cut down on any factors.

4. Reduced environmental footprint:- A smart city has thousands of energy efficient buildings that can improve the air quality, use renewable energy sources, and decrease the dependence on non-renewable energy sources. These will help to decrease the ecological impact we have on the environment.

5.More digital equity:- People must have access to high speed internet services at affordable prices and devices. If they have access to public Wi-fi in local areas in the city, all residents will have equal opportunities.

6.Economic development opportunities:- Investing in smart cities will lead to improving their regional and global competitiveness and attract new residents and improve business.

Since the entire city will have access to an open data platform, information, etc. companies will flourish. They can make informed decisions with the available technologies and lead to economic development

7.Improvement of infrastructure:- Old roads, buildings, highways, bridges require massive investments to maintain their state and increase their useful life.

But, with the help of smart technologies, cities will have the ability to analytically predict and identify the areas that can cause infrastructure failures before it occurs

8.Job opportunities:- A smart city will have many businesses and job opportunities since the people will get equal access to basic resources such as transportation, internet connection, and job offers

9.Decrease of crime:- Since the authorities can monitor the dealings of people closely with the help of technologies, there will be a reduced amount of crime Besides, crime increases when there are fewer jobs and more unemployed people However, if job opportunities increase, it will simultaneously lead to a decrease

FAQ :-

What Is The Smart City

A smart city should provide an urban environment that delivers a high quality of life to residents while also generating economic growth.

How to Work Smart City

Many of the loT devices use edge computing, which ensures that only the most relevant and important data is delivered over the communication network.

Advantages Of Smart City

There are several advantages of Smart City, and learning about these can help you to weigh the benefits and the disadvantages from it.
Better transportation services 2. Safer Communication
Efficient public services
Reduced environmental footprint
5.More digital equity
6.Economic development opportunities
7.Improvement of infrastructure
8.Job opportunities
9.Decrease of crime

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